Thursday, September 27, 2012
Opinion Piece: Mental Health Advocacy in Education
In education reform, the health of the student can no longer be overlooked. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (2006): “Four million children and adolescents in this country suffer from a serious mental disorder that causes significant functional impairments at home, at school and with peers”. America wants to remain competitive with other international powers and focuses on education as a means to do so. We have implemented rigourous testing standards, teaching reforms to improve teacher effectiveness, and various other reforms to target improvement in student achievement. However, not enough attention has been paid towards improving mental health support in schools, ensuring proper diagnosis, and ensuring that students are supported not treated as criminals. Those involved in school policy making have long acknowledged the necessity of proper support mechanisms and have created initatives funding problem prevention, professional MH staff, and various organizational intervention in schools (UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools, 2006).
However, the reality is, not enough is being done for student suffering from mental illness and their education is suffering because of it. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (2006), “approximately 50% of students with a mental disorder age 14 and older drop out of high school”. Even more concerning, “1 in 5 children have a diagnosable mental disorder” (H.R. 751, 2011) .There is also plenty of evidence that the problem with mental health in education often falls back towards a lack of funding. With school districts nationwide facing million dollar deficits and state funding being cut to soften budget blows, policies in place targeting mental health often marginalize students instead of adequately supporting them.
Education reform must begin to target adequate funding for mental health support systems and must provide coverage that creates comprehensive support communities. In particular, policies must focus on the development and proper funding and implementation of early intervention programs, where students are properly diagnosed by certified professionals and receive adequate attention and focused mental health support. Legislation such as the Mental Health in Schools Act (H.R. 751), which unfortunately has stalled in the House, targeting expanding projects and funding for comprehensive school-based mental health support programs nationwide, must get on the state and national agenda (Mental Health America, 2011). Currently, some states have invested in mental health programing through use of the Integration of Schools and Mental Health Systems grants from the federal government (Department of Education, n.d.), however with only 16-18 awards granted during 2010, ranging between $150,900-$400,000, not enough states or school districts are investing the necessary funds and energy into mental health support programming. Also, many current programs in place are competing for limited funds or are ineffective in actually supporting students.
Policies must be inacted that not only supports progressive support programs, but also investigates their effectiveness and ensures that students are not be over- or under diagnosed and given sufficient support helping them manage their mental health. Educators and education reformers must also stop targetting students living with mental health challenges as criminals. The mass majority of students with mental illness are non-violent. With increasing evidence of school districts utilizing 'school to prison' pipelines (NewsOne, 2012), which often target mentally handicapped students and those suffering from mental illness like depression and ADHD, state and federal Department of Justice intervention is increasingly necessary to make sure that the rights of students with mental illnesses are not abused.
Taking care of students’ mental health will help improve student achievement, systimatic improvement to the systems already in place, which help treat and support these students, will advance an education system struggling to properly educate and support its students, and will help create a learning community and positive learning enviornment where students, especially those suffering from mental illness, can succeed.